Evolution of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) from Conventional Cuddling Care (CCC)

During pregnancy, babies are absolutely attached to their mothers, by the way they can be—getting warm, food, protection, and oxygen from their mother’s body. Whenever possible, mothers and babies should be in direct contact for at least the first 1–2 hours after birth.

In the earlier years, it was difficult to treat low birth weight (LBW) infants because they lacked NICU technologies and related treatments that would keep those infants alive. During the 1970s, medical researchers began to study the benefits of skin-to-skin contact between the newborn & mother and also for the effective method to do the same by adopting conventional cuddling care concept (CCC), which was a simple and low cost method of newborn care. The basic Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) program started in the year 1979 – (Dr Rey and Martinez) in Bogota, Colombia.

To compare kangaroo mother care (KMC) and conventional cuddling care (CCC) in premature and other infants; 30 mother-infants were assigned to the KMC and the CCC group. Both groups of mothers cuddled their babies for a minimum of two hours a day, five days a week while in the study, with the KMC group having skin-to-skin contact while the CCC group had contact through normal clothing. Infants in both groups experienced equivalent rise in temperature while out of the incubators, equal weight gain, equal period of stay in the hospital, and equal breastfeeding duration. The main outcome from KMC/CCC were infant weight gain, temperature maintenance during KMC and CCC, and length of hospital stay.

At the First International Workshop, Trieste, Italy, in 1996, analysed 30 different terms used, agreed to use KMC (Kangaroo Mother Care) as standard term to define the programme of skin-to-skin contact, breastfeeding and etc. Researches are still continue worldwide with many organization and companies; we proudly say that IBIS medical (India) also being the part of renovating the CCC, KMC concepts. The study after study has shown a lots of key benefits for babies who experience skin-to-skin care (kangaroo mother care’) with their mothers. When babies are held naked against their mother’s skin, it is the closest they can get to being back in the warmth and security of the womb. It is importance of doing skin-to-skin contact with baby right after birth and delivery to all newborns, Let join hands with IBIS to increase the application of KMC worldwide with more professional touch.

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IBIS Medical Equipment & Systems Pvt. Ltd. is an Indian organization established in the year 2008 and has since been engaged in manufacturing of high quality neonatology focused equipments. Our strategy at IBIS medical is to provide unique and innovative NICU products, developed through continues research. Furthermore, our well experienced bio medical engineers manufacture standard world class machines with their constantly upgraded skills. Over the years, IBIS Medical has installations spread across India, both in the private and government sectors. Ibis Medical has started catering to the export market, with installations now in countries in Africa and South Asia.

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