During pregnancy, babies are absolutely attached to their mothers, by the way they can be—getting warm, food, protection, and oxygen from their mother’s body. Whenever possible, mothers and babies should be in direct contact for at least the first 1–2 hours after birth.
In the earlier years, it was difficult to treat low birth weight (LBW) infants because they lacked NICU technologies and related treatments that would keep those infants alive. During the 1970s, medical researchers began to study the benefits of skin-to-skin contact between the newborn & mother and also for the effective method to do the same by adopting conventional cuddling care concept (CCC), which was a simple and low cost method of newborn care. The basic Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) program started in the year 1979 – (Dr Rey and Martinez) in Bogota, Colombia.
To compare kangaroo mother care (KMC) and conventional cuddling care (CCC) in premature and other infants; 30 mother-infants were assigned to the KMC and the CCC group. Both groups of mothers cuddled their babies for a minimum of two hours a day, five days a week while in the study, with the KMC group having skin-to-skin contact while the CCC group had contact through normal clothing. Infants in both groups experienced equivalent rise in temperature while out of the incubators, equal weight gain, equal period of stay in the hospital, and equal breastfeeding duration. The main outcome from KMC/CCC were infant weight gain, temperature maintenance during KMC and CCC, and length of hospital stay.