Staying Warm (hypothermia): Preterm babies lose body heat frequently, it putting them the risk of “hypothermia”. They need extra energy and care to stay warm and grow. In premature infants, hypothermia increases morbidity and mortality. Hypothermia may be purely environmental or represent intercurrent illness (eg, sepsis). Maintaining an appropriate environmental temperature in the delivery room or operating room is critical in preventing hypothermia. Hypothermic infants should be rewarmed and any underlying condition must be diagnosed and treated. IBIS developed an advanced “Infant Radiant Warmers” for (I CORE 10 series) most effective Infant Thermal Management.
Infant jaundice: Excess bilirubin (hyperbilirubinemia) is the main cause of jaundice in LBW babies. Other Conditions that can cause Infant jaundice are a liver malfunction, incompatibility of blood group, other viral or bacterial infections, lack of breastfeeding, dehydration etc. The best preventive of infant jaundice is adequate feeding. Breast-fed infants should have eight to 12 feedings a day for the first several days of life. Key treatment option to severe neonatal jaundice is by light rays that is LED Phototherapy. IBIS Medical provides high-end equipments as such (I-Rex Series and Duo).
Eyes: Preterm babies’ eyes are not ready for the outside world. They can be damaged by abnormal growth of blood vessels in the retina. The condition is usually more severe in very premature babies and if they are given too-high a level of oxygen. This can result in visual impairment or blindness. Also, we want to care baby’s eyes during the phototherapy process. For this, IBIS Medical provides Neonatal Eye Protectors which are made with ultra-soft cotton material attached to elastic for adjusting the circumference and steady positioning. This eye protectors act as infant sunglasses and offer extra eye protection for babies during phototherapy treatment.
Feeding: Feeding a newborn is a round-the-clock commitment. It’s also a chance to start forming a connection with the newest member of your family. Preterm babies can have trouble feeding because the coordinated suck and swallow reflex is not yet fully developed. They may need additional support for feeding. If you’re having trouble with breastfeeding, ask your baby’s doctor for help.
Breathing: Many preterm babies start breathing on their own when they are born, but others need to be resuscitated. If the lungs are not fully developed and lack surfactant (a substance that helps keep the lungs expanded), preterm babies may have difficulty breathing. Sometimes, premature babies that start off breathing are not strong enough to continue on their own. They exhaust themselves and may stop breathing (apnoea).
Infections: Severe infections are more common among preterm babies. Their immune systems are not yet fully developed, and they have a higher risk of dying if they get an infection.If your baby has an infection, you may notice some the following signs:
- Slow heart rate
- Difficulty tolerating feedings
- Lack of alertness
- Inability to maintain body temperature
Brain: Preterm babies are at risk of bleeding in the brain, during birth and in the first few days after birth; about 1 in 5 babies weighing less than 2kg have this problem. Preterm babies can also have brain injuries from a lack of oxygen. Bleeding or lack of oxygen to the brain can result in result in cerebral palsy, developmental delays and learning difficulties.
Source: WHO (World Health Organization) Online